1. How does national law regulate sales promotions?
Sales promotions in Turkey are regulated by:
Law on the Protection of the Consumer No. 6502 (Consumer Law).
Turkish Commercial Code numbered 6762 (TCC).
Law on Regulation of Retail Trade No. 6585 (Retail Law).
Regulation on Commercial Advertisements and Unfair Practices (Advertising Regulation).
Regulation on Lotteries and Drawings for Non-Cash Rewards (Prize Regulation).
2. What obligations or st...»
On 30 September 2019 the Patent and Trademark O ce announced the issuance of new guidelines for the examination of trademark applications
The new guidelines are limited to examination on absolute grounds
The guidelines include a number of examples from Turkish and EU decisions
Following the entry into force of the Turkish Industrial Property Code, which replaced the relevant decree laws, on 10 January 2017, new guidelines had long been needed and awaited. The Turkish Patent...»
The Re-examination and Evaluation Board of TURKPATENT has acknowledged that EBAY should be recorded as a well-known trademark in Turkey
The board took into account the status of the mark around the world and in Turkey, with a focus on the realities of the Turkish marketplace
It is important to appeal unfavourable first-instance decisions to take advantage of the REEB examiners’ experience and broad understanding of trademarks
Well-known status provides extensive ...»
A Turkish company active in the automotive sector filed a patent infringement action against a German global automotive company. The Turkish company alleged that a system used in the cars of the German company was infringing its non-examined patent granted by the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office (‘TPTO’). As a counter-attack, the German company and its Turkish authorized dealer filed an invalidation action against the non-examined patent in question before the same Court. ...»
Raising capital through crowdfunding for business ventures has been an applied method for financing start-ups and business projects in Turkey since the recent change on the Capital Markets Code numbered 6362 in 2017 which recognized crowdfunding. Having regulated the basic norms and rules surrounding crowdfunding, the detailed and more rigorous norms were released by Capital Markets Board in the form of a Communique on 3 October 2019, titled Communique on Share-based Crowdfun...»
Global Patent Litigation aims to fulfill the increasing need for quality information on the strategy and practical aspects of patent litigation in the major trading countries of the world. Global Patent Litigation starts with a description of how strategy is formulated in international patent litigation, including the main provisions of the European Patent Convention and the European Patent Office.
Next follow chapters by experienced patent litigators on the laws of their res...»
Is your country party to any bilateral or multilateral treaties for the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments? What is the country’s approach to entering into these treaties and what, if any, amendments or reservations has your country made to such treaties?
Except for the multilateral treaties on family law, Turkey is not a signatory to multilateral treaties for the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments. However, Turkey...»
Uğur Aktekin and Mutlu Yıldırım Köse has contributed to the Turkey chapter of International Design Protection book which is published by Globe Law and Business Ltd in March 2017.
Designs have underpinned much of the technological and industrial innovation of recent years. They have become increasingly valuable within the portfolio of intellectual property rights. Indeed, given the extent to which economic growth is driven by these advancements and the ever-increas...»
Penalty clauses agreed for unjust termination of a fixed term employment contract before its expiry are valid and enforceable even if the contract is deemed as an indefinite term employment contract by law due to lack of conditions required to conclude fixed term contracts.
With its decision dated 8 March 2019 and numbered 2017/10 E., 2019/1 K., the Supreme Court General Assembly on the Unification of Judgments (“General Assembly”) concluded that penalty clauses agreed for un...»
With its decision dated 31.01.2019, General Assembly of Civil Chambers of the Court of Cassation concluded that having business activity in the same sector of both the plaintiff and the defendant is sufficient to accept presence of legal interest in actions with a revocation request of a trademark based on non – use.
In the lawsuit filed before Istanbul (Closed) 4th Intellectual and Industrial Rights Civil Court in 2012, the defendant’s trademark was requested to be revoked p...»
On 30 September 2019, the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office published The New Trademark Examination Guideline that defines the criteria regarding the examination of trade mark applications on absolute grounds within the scope of the Industrial Property Code that came into force in 2017.
The main purpose of the Guideline is to update the previous guideline which was in force since 2011, clarify the principles of absolute grounds for refusal that are explained in the IP Code ...»
Turkish Commercial Code No. 6102 (TCC), which entered into force on July 1, 2012, brought many novelties to form a modern vision of commercial law, whereas the former rules were inadequate to meet the needs of the practice. The focus was mainly on transparency, auditability, and equivalence among shareholders, and the relevant legislation has adopted new principles with respect to corporate governance and shareholders’ rights.
As part of these novelties, the TCC provides cate...»