The enforcement of trademark infringement crimes is not exofficio in Turkey. In other words, trademark owners have to file a criminal complaint to start criminal IP proceedings for each and every case. Thus trademark owners have to take into consideration beforehand, all possible risks that might occur in a worst case scenario, especially counterclaims which could include damages figures put forward by infringers if no fake products can be seized during an actual raid or even...»
In Turkey, the prosecution of criminal offenses in trademark law depends on a proper complaint filed by the trademark owner. Once the complaint and the evidence is submitted to the local prosecutor’s office, the file is brought before the local Criminal Court. The Criminal Courts, however, become more and more reluctant to issue the decisions recently. Hence, it is now more important than ever for the trademark owners to be well-prepared before filing the complaint, in terms ...»
It has now been over two years since the Industrial Property Code No. 6769 (“the IP Code”) came into force. While the interpretation and implementation of most of the issues in relation to the key changes introduced by the IP Code have been addressed by the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office (“TÜRKPATENT” or “the Office”), there are still some outstanding issues requiring interpretation by the Court of Appeals.
The primary legislative development in trademark law in 2018 con...»
Ülkemizde Kaçakçılıkla Mücadele Kanunu ve Gümrük Kanunu kapsamında el konulan taklit ürünlerin piyasaya sürülmesinin engellemesi için hak sahiplerine tanınan haklarda önemli gelişmeler olmuştur.
5607 sayılı Kaçakçılıkla Mücadele Kanunu (“KMK”) gereğince görevli polisler ve gümrük muhafaza memurları, kaçakçılık suçları ile ilgili olarak Cumhuriyet Savcılıklarının talimatıyla re’sen – yani suçtan zarar görenin şikayeti aranmaksızın – harekete geçme yetkisine sahiptir. Bu geniş ...»
Turkey is a party to most international IP-related treaties, including the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs), which aims to harmonise the legal framework for anti-counterfeiting and anti-piracy. Turkey’s new IP Code entered into force on January 10 2017 upon its publication in the Official Gazette. The new law amends decree-laws pertaining to the protection of trademarks, patents, geographical indications and industrial designs, unifyi...»
Overview of main IPRs
1. What are the main IPRs in your jurisdiction? How are they protected?
Patents and utility models
Patents. Patents are granted for inventions which are all of the following:
Represent an inventive step (that is, surpass the current standard for state-of-the-art in a particular industry).
Capable of industrial application.
The following categories are exempted from patent protection:
Discoveries, scientific theories, and mathematical methods.
The Industrial Property Code No. 6769 (“the IP Code”) which came into force on 10 January 2017 has been widely welcomed by brand owners as their rights have now been sealed through the introduction of this new Code.
The primary reason for the enactment of the new Code was the cancellation of various articles of the former Decree-laws on IP rights by the Constitutional Court on the grounds of Article 91 of the Constitution, which prohibits regulation of the property rights by ...»
The official system for the protection of IP rights by Turkish Customs requires that a single application – for each and every IP right – be filed before the General Directorate of Customs in Ankara; the customs application covers importation and exportation, as well as transit trade and Turkish free zones. It is possible to file a customs application for any determined timeframe, with an upper limit of one year. Each application is processed within 30 working days; upon acce...»
The smuggling police and customs enforcement officers take ex-officio action against smuggling offenses as per Anti-Smuggling Law no.5607, the basic purpose of which is fighting customs tax evasions. All smuggled products seized by such enforcement bodies are delivered to customs liquidation directorates for storage and sale.
In contrast, trade mark infringement is set forth in Industrial Property Law no.6769 as an offense being subject to a “criminal complaint” to be filed b...»
The removal of product identification codes is a phenomenon and topic which trademark owners in certain branches have been dealing with for decades. In many cases, these codes not only allow the identification or tracing of the product for product safety reasons (product recalls), but may also serve the purpose of identifying the authorized reseller to whom a product was initially delivered by the brand owner. In particular, perfumes, cosmetics, and alcoholic beverages are fr...»
1. Is the Turkish legal infrastructure sufficient for anti-counterfeiting?
Yes. Turkey has signed almost all international intellectual property agreements -including TRIPS signed by and between the members of the World Trade Organization which aim to harmonize its legal infrastructure targeting anti-counterfeiting and fighting the illicit trade- and has been acting in compliance with the said agreements.
As of today; the Industrial Property Law No. 6769, the Law No. 5846 on ...»
World Intellectual Property Rights and Remedies features analysis and commentary by leading practitioners on key intellectual property legislation from jurisdictions throughout Europe, Latin America, and Asia, as well as English translations of key intellectual property legislation from non-English-speaking jurisdictions. Each chapter clearly describes the nuances of local practice regarding how to register and protect copyrights, patents, trade, and service marks. Find helpf...»