We share our knowledge and expertise to update our community and clients about legal developments in Turkey.

The Turkish Riviera: A Strategic Battlefield in Combating Counterfeiters

With a coastline of almost 9.000 kilometres and more than 550 Blue Flag beaches, Turkey welcomes millions of domestic and foreign tourists each summer. The most popular area for holidays is the Turkish Riviera, encompassing the cities of Antalya and Muğla, in particular, and some parts of Aydın and Izmir, highlighting the main districts of Alanya, Antalya, Kemer, Fethiye, Marmaris, Bodrum, Kuşadası, and Çeşme, from the south to the west coast of Turkey. Even though the total… »

Examination of Novelty of Designs in Türkiye

A decision of 29 March 2023 of the General Assembly of the Turkish Court of Cassation has clarified whether the examination of lawfulness of the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office’s decision on absolute novelty of a design is limited to the evidence submitted in the opposition process or whether ex officio examination can be conducted at any phase. Güldeniz Doğan Alkan and Hatice İnci Turan report for Class 99. The facts of the case The design subject to the opposition The… »

Proposed Amendments Regarding the Turkish Personal Data Protection

A draft bill (the "Draft Bill") including long-awaited amendments to Turkish Personal Data Protection Law (the "Law") has been submitted for review to the commissions of the Turkish Grand National Assembly ("TBMM") and it is expected to be enacted shortly after being evaluated by the Justice Commission, the Constitution Commission, and the Planning and Budget Commission. The Draft Bill contains comprehensive amendment proposals affecting data controllers. With enactment of… »

New Milestone for Personal Data Protection in Türkiye: 1 June 2024

A draft (the “Draft Bill”) bill including the long-awaited amendments to the Turkish Personal Data Protection Law (the “Law”) has been submitted for review of commissions at Turkish Grand National Assembly (“TBMM”). Upon enactment of the Draft Bill, the Law will be amended as of 1 June 2024 in relation to processing of sensitive personal data, cross-border transfer of personal data, administrative sanctions and legal remedies against administrative fines. In brief, the major… »

Insurance Litigation 2024 in Turkey

ForaIn what fora are insurance disputes litigated? In the Turkish judicial system, in principle, insurance disputes are resolved by the commercial courts, irrespective of the amount or value of the dispute. On the other hand, insurance disputes arising out of maritime law are heard by a specialised commercial court. Insurance disputes to which a consumer is a party are heard by consumer courts. If a province has no specialised or regular commercial court, disputes are heard… »

Impact of New Minimum Capital Amounts on Trade Registry Applications

With the Presidential Decree No. 7887 published in the Official Gazette dated November 25, 2023 and numbered 32380, the minimum capital amounts for joint stock and limited liability companies have been increased and accordingly, effective from January 1, 2024, the new minimum capital amounts have been determined as TRY 50,000 for limited liability companies, TRY 250,000 for joint stock companies and TRY 500,000 for joint stock companies that have adopted the registered… »

Processing of Personal Data without Consent as Expressly Stipulated by Laws

On February 12, 2024, the Personal Data Protection Authority ("Authority") published an Information Note on the Personal Data Processing Based on the Legal Reason Applicable to Processing Required for the Laws ("Information Note") and made assessments under Turkish law and EU law regarding the processing of personal data in cases stipulated by laws. Although the Information Note mostly includes general scholar explanations from Turkish law and EU law perspectives, we would… »

Agency Opinion on Health Claims in Food and Food Supplements Can Now Be Requested

The Regulation on the Use of Health Claims for Food and Food Supplements (“Regulation”) entered into force as of its publication on the Official Gazette dated 20 April 2023, and numbered 32169; and the requirement for obtaining approval from the Turkish Medicines and Medical Devices Agency ("Agency") under the Ministry of Health for the use of health claims in the labelling, promotion or advertisement of food supplements was abolished. Following this development, the Agency… »

Thoughts On 2023 Corruption Perception Index

Transparency International released the 2023 Corruption Perception Index (“2023 CPI”) on January 30, 2024. Widely regarded as the key reference point in this field, the annual CPI aims to measure the corruption perceptions in the public sector over various sources such as the World Bank, World Economic Forum, private risk and consulting firms and think-tanks. In the recent years, the Russian-Ukrainian war, the conflict growing violent between Israel and Hamas in Palestine… »

Freedom of Quotation in Cinema Works

With respect to lawsuits filed in the scope of Law No. 5846 on Intellectual and Artistic Works (“FSEK") No. 5846, an important standard in terms of plagiarism is the limits of freedom of quotation. According to Article 35 of the FSEK, in order to make a quotation from a work, it is necessary to; (i) incorporate some sentences and paragraphs of a work made public, into another work of science and literature, (ii) incorporate certain elements of a published composition, at the… »

Advertisement Board Issued New Principles for Preventing Misleading Loyalty Programs

The Advertisement Board ("Board") amended the "Guideline on Advertisements Containing Price Information, Discount Sale Advertisements and Commercial Practices" ("Guideline") in its meeting dated 09.01.2024 and numbered 341, introduced new principles for loyalty programs. Loyalty programs are generally defined as practices that allow consumers to collect points towards future purchases. The Board has observed that loyalty programs have recently turned into a discount sales… »

What Copyright and Trademark Owners Should Know About the Approach to NFTs in the Republic of Türkiye

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have grown in popularity since first entering public consciousness in 2021. They are digital tokens and may represent unique—virtual or real-world—items including songs, artworks, GIFs, virtual game items, videos, and cartoons. NFTs are created using blockchain technology and primarily operate within Ethereum, a blockchain platform with automated (smart) transactions. NTFs cannot be exchanged or replaced. The NFT is technically not the asset… »

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